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Wodenco: Your Reliable Carbide End Mills Manufacturer in China
If you’re looking for solid carbide end mills for your project or business needs, Wodenco is your best choice to manufacture your carbide end mills orders. Wodenco is one of the leading carbide end mills manufacturer and all cutting tools solution that meet and exceed international standards. We provide product at more competitive price based on exact project.
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Carbide End Mill: The Ultimate FAQ Guide
Carbide end mill refers to a cutting tool designed for a wide range of industrial milling operations.
It is often available in different types, diameters, lengths, and flutes, all selected for concurring to material they are cutting.
This guide gives comprehensive details about numerous aspects surrounding carbide end mills.
What Are The Main Uses Of Solid Carbide End Mill?
Essentially, the functional tool for carbide end mills is to sculpt holes or shapes into relatively hard surface materials.
Hence, they are designed for the following key operations
You can also use carbide end mill for cutting various materials via its cutting teeth on body and face.
How Does Carbide End Mill Work?
Primarily, carbide end mills feature teeth cutters on the side and end.
Hence, they are attached to Computerized Numerical Controlled (CNC) machines for the specific operation.
In essence, the CNC machine is embedded with software that sends automated milling instructions or tool paths to the machine.
Consequently, the machine cuts away a design in the work-in-progress surface material.
The CNC machine enables the carbide end mill to move side by side, which essentially makes the process easier and faster.
Ordinarily, this milling tool works seamlessly and powerfully, whether when cutting or shaping materials.
Which Materials Are Used For Making Carbide End Mill?
The main material used for making this milling tool is solid carbide.
Solid carbide material provides unmatched cutting performance, longer tool life and high process security.
It also guarantees exceptional quality, wear-resistance, hardness and rigidity, which are all vital for making milling tools.
Another material used for making this end mill is known as tungsten carbide.
Ordinarily, this material consists of equal parts of tungsten and carbon atoms, making it one of the ideal options for carbide end mill.
It makes end mills, which are tough, wear-resistant and enables high-efficiency machining and chipping properties.
Furthermore, end mills made from this material deliver stable performance in heavy cutting, thus suitable for pre-finish grooving and side-milling operations.
What Are The Main Types Of Carbide End Mills Available?
Carbide end mills are available in different types, all designed for different specific applications.
However, the commonly used designs include the following;
Ball Nose Carbide End Mill
This end mill features a rounded tip and is often available in single and double-ended variants.
Usually, they are used for conventional operations but can as well be utilized in some high-performance geometries.
Roughing Carbide End Mill
Often used for eliminating large quantities of metal within a shorter period since it guarantees high efficiency in such applications.
This end mill features a unique teeth design for delivering rougher surface finish and rendering none to less vibration level.
Flat Carbide End Mill
It is designed for operations surrounding cutting shapes in 2D, 3D or roughing.
Moreover, you can use it to carve flat surfaces with no scallops.
Corner Radius Carbide End Mill
In some instances, it is referred to as radius carbide end mill.
The design of this end mill features a square nose with slightly curved edges to enhance its ability to distribute force evenly.
Hence, it minimizes chances of damaging or chipping the carbide end mills.
How Many Flutes Does Carbide End Mill Have?
Technically, flutes in carbide end mills refer to grooves or valleys on the tips designed to support shaping and removal of material.
The number of flutes in a carbide end mill varies depending on the specific application.
However, the common flutes usually designed for carbide end mills include the following;
- 2-Flute End Mill– You can use it to mill all types of metals, which guarantees higher flute volume albeit delivering slower feed rates.
- 3-Flute End Mill– It renders higher feed rates and is quite common in aluminum machining. You can also use it for grooving operations since it has a bigger cross-section for better strength than a 2-flute carbide end mill.
- 4-Flute End Mill– This design is best suitable for side or surface milling operations. It is somewhat similar to a conventional 2-flute carbide end mill; thus, you can use it for pocketing and slotting operations.
How Does 2-Flute And 4-Flute Carbide End Mill Compare?
Notably, 2-flute and 4-flute carbide end mills are relatively similar.
The 2-flute design is suitable for carrying out operations in enclosed spaces but not necessarily ideal for high-strength tasks.
Its design fits milling operations, but it delivers slower feed rates.
On the other hand, a 4-flute carbide end mill is a better alternative for finish machining and mining hard materials like aluminum.
It exhibits a higher chip removal space; hence the bit hardly sticks to the cutter easily.
Also, it is vital to note that the more flutes the bit has, the higher feed rates it will deliver.
Thus, regarding strength and feed rates, 4-flute carbide end mill design is more efficient than 2-flute carbide end mill.
What Are The Common Varieties Of Carbide End Mill Cuts?
The popular carbide end mill varieties include the following;
Up-Cut Carbide End Mill – It removes chips towards top of the workpiece and leaves a neat bottom surface inside the material.
Down-Cut Carbide End Mill – This one does the opposite of an up-cut carbide mill and leaves a smooth top surface on the workpiece.
Center-Cutting End Mill – It can be plunged straight down into the material, usually two or three flutes and occasionally four flutes.
Non-Center Cutting Carbide Edge Mill – This is specifically designed for milling and not drilling since they have cutting edges on the sides.
How Do You Determine The Ideal Diameter For Carbide End Mill?
It is often chosen based on part requirements like square corners within a pocket.
However, it is advisable to always go for a tool with largest corner radius allowable by your part components.
How Much Does Carbide End Mill Cost?
There is no definite price for purchasing carbide end mill.
The specific material used for making this tool is one of the fundamental aspects determining the actual price.
Also, your preferred size influences the exact price of this particular tool.
Furthermore, the manufacturer also plays an integral role in determining the exact price of this tool.
In a nutshell, the cost of this tool is dependent on numerous factors, including the few mentioned ones.
How Is Speed And Feed Rate Vital In Carbide End Mill?
Technically, feed rate of a carbide end mill is the speed used over in the material.
While at it, the rate of rotation of the carbide end mill is what is referred to as speed.
Speed, in this case, is the rate of spindle turning.
Both speed and feed rate in carbide end mill often change based on the specific material used.
Hence, the ideal way of getting a sleek finish is to use the tool as fast as possible.
This guarantees a cleaner finish without compromising the tool life.
What Is The Difference Between Carbide End Mill And Drill Bit?
Ordinarily, carbide end mill is used in removing chipped material from a workpiece.
Most carbide end mill designs are used for horizontal or lateral carving.
Majorly, it is because most carbide end mills have a centre-cutting feature.
Carbide end mill tips are designed for various tasks such as 3D contouring and milling.
Drill bit, on the other hand, is used for creating axial cutting, cylindrical holes or plunging into the surface.
Also, the tip design of most drill bits are only used for cutting holes in the surfaces.
In essence, carbide end mill tends to be more multifaceted than drill bill.
How Do You Determine The Best Carbide End Mill?
You need to consider several elements when choosing the most suitable carbide end mill, which includes the following;
- Material To Cut
The particular material you are working with makes it easy to choose the most appropriate carbide end mill.
Ideally, each material exhibits various types of mechanical features, which offer exclusive properties when in the process of carbide end mill.
The tool’s diameter and length are fundamental in determining the ideal carbide end mill.
Ensure you select the right end mill cutter diameter to attain best results in your milling operations.
- Number Of Flutes For Specific Application
Always make sure that you select the correct flute count.
2-3 flute carbide end mills are suitable for non-ferrous materials, while 2-flute is ideal for brilliant chip clearance concerns.
The common operations you are likely to perform with carbide end mill include; slotting, finishing, contouring, plunging, milling etc.
Hence, always choose the ideal tool suited for a specific operation.
What Benefits Do Carbide End Mill Offer?
It offers a wide range of advantages, including the following;
- You can find it in various varieties of diameters, flutes, and measurements. Therefore, it makes it easy to select it based on your preferred finishing surface for the project and material.
- It is multipurpose; thus, you can use it for operations such as reaming, profiling, contouring, and slotting.
- This tool is perfect for cutting precision parts such as jewelry and machine parts among others.
Is Using Coated Carbide End Mill Necessary?
It depends on the material and specific application.
Mostly, using coated carbide end mill is advantageous in a wide range of ways.
For instance, it prolongs tool life, which is vital since it eliminates unnecessary replacement costs.
Also, carbide end mill coating improves chip evacuation and this, of course, is necessary for attaining preferred results.
Besides, coated carbide end mill also guarantees more aggressive running parameters.
What Are The Ideal Coating Treatments For Carbide End Mill?
They are quite a number, but it is important to understand that the most suitable one is dependent on the specific material.
Nonetheless, the popular coating treatments for this tool include the following;
- Chemical finish
- As-machined finish
- Bead blast finish
- Anodizing Type II
- Powder coating surface treatment
- Hard-coat finish
What Are The Operational Specifications Of Carbide End Mill?
The outstanding operational features of a typical carbide end mill include the following;
- Standard surface finish
- Extended tool set up and changing frequency
- Execution reliability for longer tool life
- Enhanced efficiency while processing different workpiece materials.
What Are The Main Applications Of Carbide End Mill?
Remarkably, carbide end mills are used in a wide range of industrial applications.
However, the main popular applications you will always find this tool used frequently include the following;
- Aerospace sector
- Power generation
- Automobile industry
- Machine tool sector
- Medical apparatus industry
- Die and mold industry
What Are The Causes Of Common Issues When Using Carbide End Mill?
Carbide end mills, in some instances, may develop issues during operations.
Such issues vary since the causes range from different aspects.
However, causes of the major issues and how to troubles shoot them include the following;
- Chip packing– Often caused by insufficient chip room, inadequate coolant and high feed per tooth.
Solving it entails using carbide end mill with fewer flutes, using more coolant to flush out chips and ensuring you use a lower feed rate.
- Chipping– The primary causes of this problem include too fast feed, loose holder, lack of tool rigidity and too sharp teeth.
Troubleshooting involves using a lower feed rate, tightening tool holder, using shorter tool and choosing a tool with right relief angle.
- Chattering– It is caused due to too fast speed and feed, too large relief angle, longer flute angle and loose workpiece holder.
You can always solve this issue by adjusting feed speed accordingly, changing to a smaller relief angle and holding workpiece tighter.
- Burr– The main causes of this problem is dull cutting edge and improper cutting angle.
However, you can always solve it by regrinding sooner and changing to the right cutting angle.
- Wear– It results from too fast speed, too slow feed, hard material, improper cutting angle or too small primary relief angle.
You can troubleshoot this by slowing down speed, increasing feed speed, adding a coating on the tool and increasing primary relief angle.
How Durable Is Carbide End Mill?
A typical carbide end mill can last long before wearing out.
Ideally, this tool is considerably harder, rigid and wear-resistant.
Of course, it can offer a significant service lifespan, but the actual durability is dependent on the actual application.
It also depends on the specific material used for making the tool.
How Do You Determine The Best Carbide End Mill Manufacturer?
You need to look into various factors such as the following;
- High reliability and professionalism
- Ability to produce different carbide end mill designs
- Immense experience in the industry
- Short turnaround time
- Excellent technical support
- Flexible MoQ
- High precision requirements
- High-quality product assurance
Apart from carbide end mill, I know you may also be interested in how to select the right carbide inserts.
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